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Ms. Gabriela Macías, Rimsa Metal Technology S.A, SPAIN

Dr. Carlos Lorenzana, Rimsa Metal Technology S.A, SPAIN

Prof. Dr. Javier Fernandez, University of Barcelona, SPAIN

Metal sulphides are additives that are used in brake pad formulations because they help to stabilize the coefficient of friction, reduce wear and improve NVH. Previous rimsa studies have shown that the oxidation mechanism of metal sulphides is one of the key properties that explain their contribution to performance and wear. Depending on the metal sulphide, the oxidation mechanism is different and so is the tribochemistry. Hence, the transfer layer formed will strongly depend on the metal sulphide used.

This work is focused on establishing a connection among the metal sulphide oxidation, the transfer layer formed and the performance. The friction behavior was determined through two tests, J2522 and J2707, using a NAO formula where only the metal sulphide was varied. While the transfer layer characterization was carried out through pad SEM-EDS cross-section analysis, after each test.

The differences in thermal profile of J2522 and J2707 illustrate the correlation between performance and wear and different oxidation mechanisms depending on the metal sulphide used. SEM characterization of pad surface also shows that the transfer layer morphology varies depending on the metal sulphide used in the formulation. Hence, the results of this research indicate that the morphology of the transfer layer and the friction behaviour strongly depend on the oxidation mechanism of the metal sulphide.

EuroBrake 2021





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Gabriela Macías is a Chemist specialized in materials science. She has been involved in the development of new materials since her degree. 

She works in the R&D department of Rimsa since 2017. She is currently doing an industrial doctorate in Engineering and Applied Sciences. 

Her thesis focuses on the characterization and modeling of tribochemical phenomena at the pad / rotor interface related to the use of mixed synthetic metal sulphides in copper-free pad formulations.



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