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Mr. John Smith

Job title



To analyse brake squeal, measurements are performed to extract the Operational Deflection Shape (ODS) characteristic of the limit cycle. The advantage of this strategy is that the real system behaviour is captured, but measurements suffer from a low spatial distribution and hidden surfaces, so that interpretation is sometimes difficult. It is even more difficult to propose system modifications from test alone. Historical Structural Dynamics Modification (SDM) techniques need mass normalized shapes which is not available from an ODS measurement. Furthermore, it is very difficult to translate mass, damping or stiffness modification between sensors into physical modifications of the real system. On the model side, FEM methodology gives access to fine geometric details, continuous field over the whole system. Simple simulation of the impact of modifications is possible, one typical strategy for squeal being to avoid unstable poles. Nevertheless, to ensure accurate predictions, test/FEM correlation must be checked and model updating may be necessary despite high cost and absence of guarantee on results. To combine both strategies, expansion techniques seek to estimate the ODS on all FEM DOF using a multi-objective optimization combining test and model errors. The high number of sensors compensates for modelling errors and while allowing imperfect test. The Minimum Dynamics Residual Expansion method used here, ensures that the complex ODS expanded shapes are close enough to the measured motion but have smooth, physically representative, stress field, which is mandatory for further analysis. From the ODS expansion, the two underlying real shapes are mass-orthonormalized and stiffness-orthogonalized using the model resulting in a reduced model with two modes known on the full model. Sensitivity analysis is thus possible and the impact of thickness modifications on frequencies is built. This provides a novel structural modification strategy where the parameters are thickness distributions, and the objective is to separate the frequencies associated with the two shapes found by expansion of the experimental ODS. The methodology will be illustrated for a recent disk brake test and model.

SDTools: Dr. Guillaume Martin, Prof. Dr. Etienne Balmes; Hitachi Astemo: Ing. Thierry Chancelier, Dr. Eng. Sylvain Thouviot, Dr. Eng. Rémi Lemarie

A Structural Dynamics Modification Strategy based on Expanded Squeal Operational Deflection Shapes

EB2022-TSD-009 • Full • EuroBrake 2022 • Noise, Vibration, Harshness


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